জুনিয়র স্কুল সার্টিফিকেট পরীক্ষার পড়াশোনা
শিক্ষার্থী বন্ধুরা, আজকের পাঠশালায় তোমাদের জন্য থাকছে ইংরেজির ওপর আলোচনা। প্রথমে ভালো করে পড়ে প্রশ্নগুলোর উত্তর নিজেরা বের করার চেষ্টা করবে।
(গত আলোচনার পর)
Behold, bid, dare, feel, hear, know, let, need, notice, watch, see, make প্রভৃতি verb এর পরে active voice এ to উহ্য থাকে কিন্তু passive voice এ verb গুলির পরে to বসে। (let ছাড়া)
I saw him eat.
= He was seen to eat by me.
She made me laugh.
=I was made to laugh by her.
Obj এর Sub+be verb+verb এর p.p+retained obj+Preposition+Sub এর Obj
Double object এর ক্ষেত্রে যেকোন একটি object কে Sub হিসেবে ধরা যায়।
He teaches us English.
=We are taught English by him.
=English is taught to us by him.
Mother sent me a gift.
=I was sent a gift by mother.
=A gift was sent to me by mother.
কিছু বিশেষ/ ব্যতিক্রমধর্মী voice change নিচে দেওয়া হলো:
I heard her sing.
=She was heard to sing by me.
My pen has been stolen.
=Someone has stolen my pen.
The thief was caught.
=The police caught the thief.
English is spoken all over the world.
=People speak English all over the world.
The trees were uprooted.
=A storm uprooted the trees.
The Rome was not built in a day.
=The Romans did not build the Rome in a day.
He was murdered.
=Someone murdered him.
Exercise: Question- Type 11
(Transformation of Sentence)
1. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets. 1x5=5
(a) Smoking is recognised as a serious problem by almost all in the society. (Make it an Active Sentence) (b) Who does not know the bad effect of it? (Make it an Assertive Sentence) (c) It is not only harmful to the smoker but also to the other persons around him. (Make it an Affirmative Sentence) (d) Even smoking slowly brings undeniable death for us. (Passive voice) (e) So, we should say no to smoking. (Make it an Interrogative Sentence)
2. Change the following sentences as directed in the brackets. 1x5=5
(a) Karim is known as one of the oldest men in the village. (Make it an Active Sentence) (b) Though he is old, he is very active. (Make it a Negative sentence) (c) He never gets up late. (Make it Affirmative Sentence) (d) He exercises in order ‘keep his body fit. (Make it an Interrogative Sentence) (e) He maintains a disciplined (Make it a Passive Sentence)
3. Change the following sentences as directed in B to make five complete sentences. Colum B has brackets. 1x5=5
(a) Life is nothing but a struggle. (Make Interrogative Sentence) (b) Who doesn’t know this? (Make it an Assertive Sentence) (c) Most of the parents impose an unlimited pressure on children to establish them in the society. (Make it a Passive Sentence) (d) It is very unwise to shine in life in a short cut way. (Make it an Exclamatory Sentence) (e) Industry is considered the most important secret for shining in life. (Make it an Active Sentence)
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