আজ তোমাদের ইংরেজি থেকে গুরুত্বপূর্ণ প্রশ্ন নিয়ে আলোচনা করা হলো।

(গত আলোচনা পর)


Examples: ৬টি বিষয়ের পরিবর্তন কীভাবে করতে হয়, তা আমরা নিচের উদাহরণটির মাধ্যমে দেখতে পারি-

 He said to me, “Why did you not come here yesterday?
= He  me why I had not gone   there the previous day.             
Sentence wfwËK Direct †_‡K indirect narration  cwieZ©b wb‡Pi D`vni‡Yi gva¨‡g †`Lv hvK :
Assertive Sentence
He said to me, “You cannot do whatever you like.”
= He told me that I could not do whatever I liked.
He said, “I hope, I shall stand first.”
= He hoped that he would stand first.
He said to me, “Thank you.”
= He thanked me.
He said to me, “Congratulation.”
= He congratulated me.
Interrogative Sentence
He said to me, “Have you prepared your lesson?”
= He asked me if I had prepared my lesson.
She said to me, “What is your name?”
= She asked me what my name was.
My friend said to me, “Where are you going next week?”
= My friend wanted to know where I was going the following week.
Mother said to me, “Can you help me?”
= Mother asked me if I could help her.
Imperative Sentence
The poor man said, “Please, give me a glass of water.”
= The poor man requested to give him a glass of water.
The commander said to the soldiers, “March on.”
= The commander commanded the soldiers to march on.
The teacher said to his students, “Do not neglect your studies.”
= The teacher advised his students not to neglect their studies.
The mother said to her son, “Do not run in the sun.”
= The mother forbade/prohibited her son to run in the sun.
He said to me, “Let us enjoy the film.”
= He proposed to me that we should enjoy the film.
I said to him, “Let me go now.”
= I told him that I might/might be allowed to go then.
Optative Sentence
He said, “Long live Bangladesh.”
= He wished that Bangladesh might live long.
The teacher said to the students, “May Allah bless you.”
= The teacher prayed that Allah might bless them.
Exclamatory Sentence
The beggar said, “Alas! I am undone.”
= The beggar exclaimed with sorrow that he was undone.
He said, “How beautiful the bird is!”
= He exclaimed with joy that the bird was very beautiful.

Must -এর ব্যবহার

Direct narration-এ ‘must’ থাকলে  indirect narration-এ তা  ‘had to’ তে পরিবর্তিত হয়।

Susmita said, “I must write a letter.”
= Susmita said that she had to write a letter.

তবে, must দ্বারা চিরন্তন বাধ্যবাধকতা বুঝালে must  অপরবির্তিত থাকে।

[বাকি অংশ প্রকাশিত হবে আগামীকাল]

বিষয় : ইংরেজি পড়াশোনা

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