আজ তোমাদের ইংরেজি থেকে গুরুত্বপূর্ণ প্রশ্ন নিয়ে আলোচনা করা হলো।

(গত আলোচনার পর)

আমরা নিচের উদাহরণটির মাধ্যমে দেখতে পারি

 He said to me, “Why did you not come here yesterday?
=He  me why I had not gone   there the previous day.             
Sentence ভিত্তিক Direct থেকে indirect narration পরিবর্তন নিচের উদাহরণের মাধ্যমে দেখা যাক:-

Assertive Sentence
He said to me, “You cannot do whatever you like.”
=He told me that I could not do whatever I liked.
He said, “I hope, I shall stand first.”
=He hoped that he would stand first.
He said to me, “Thank you.”
=He thanked me.
He said to me, “Congratulation.”
= He congratulated me.
Interrogative Sentence
He said to me, “Have you prepared your lesson?”
=He asked me if I had prepared my lesson.
She said to me, “What is your name?”
=She asked me what my name was.
My friend said to me, “Where are you going next week?”
=My friend wanted to know where I was going the following week.
Mother said to me, “Can you help me?”
=Mother asked me if I could help her.
Imperative Sentence
The poor man said, “Please, give me a glass of water.”
=The poor man requested to give him a glass of water.
The commander said to the soldiers, “March on.”
=The commander commanded the soldiers to march on.
The teacher said to his students, “Do not neglect your studies.”
=The teacher advised his students not to neglect their studies.
The mother said to her son, “Do not run in the sun.”
=The mother forbade/prohibited her son to run in the sun.
He said to me, “Let us enjoy the film.”
=He proposed to me that we should enjoy the film.
I said to him, “Let me go now.”
=I told him that I might/might be allowed to go then.
Optative Sentence
He said, “Long live Bangladesh.”
=He wished that Bangladesh might live long.
The teacher said to the students, “May Allah bless you.”
=The teacher prayed that Allah might bless them.
Exclamatory Sentence
The beggar said, “Alas! I am undone.”
=The beggar exclaimed with sorrow that he was undone.
He said, “How beautiful the bird is!”
=He exclaimed with joy that the bird was very beautiful.
Must -এর ব্যবহার

Direct narration -এ  ‘must’ থাকলে  indirect narration এ তা ‘had to’ তে পরিবর্তিত হয়।

Susmita said, “I must write a letter.”
=Susmita said that she had to write a letter.

তবে,  must দ্বারা চিরন্তন বাধ্যবাধকতা বুঝালে must  অপরবির্তিত থাকে।

The teacher said, “Children must obey their parents.”
=The teacher said that children must obey their parents

[বাকি অংশ পরে প্রকাশিত হবে]

মন্তব্য করুন